Are ‘Mini-Nukes’ The New Big Thing?

Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. D. arsenal.

However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years.

A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”

CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. According to Sen. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine.

At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. In the modern U.S. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. All rights reserved.

“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.

By Jarrett Murphy

The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.

Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”

“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:

Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).

Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.

But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.

Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. ET Sunday.

AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.

A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.

The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.

The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.

Copyright 2003 CBS. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.

The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.

Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. wants to stop proliferation.

But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.

But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.

Testing — The U.S. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. Nelson.

Last year, the U.S. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”

The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.

The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”

Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”

“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test

The Impending Dangers of Nuclear War: America’s W88 Thermonuclear Warhead is 30 Times a Hiroshima Bomb | Global Research

They have had 69 years to get rid of their nuclear weapons while all that the citizens of the world hear from them are windy speeches around purported good intentions which never come to fruition. She concluded ‘It is time to change the status quo. The huge burgeoning of awareness in the citizens of the world is bearing fruit.

The powerful summary statement of the conference Chair pointed out that the broad participation of states and civil society reflected the burgeoning awareness that this issue is of the utmost importance to all the peoples of the world. How can we ever be sure that some deranged psychopath will not gain power in one of the nuclear states and deceive him/herself into believing that it is in their best interests to make a first strike? How can we ever be sure that some terrorist organisations will not hack into the electronic control systems and carry out the launching themselves? And we now know that even a small nuclear exchange could be a lethal threat to everyone on the planet. 8.

File:W-88 warhead detail.png

The US government has 5 nuclear submarines on patrol at all times carrying 1000 times the destructive power of the Hiroshima bomb3. This is enough to wipe out the entire population of the planet many times over together with all other life forms. Frozen in a realm of outdated thinking which was always inhuman; their leaders frightened and paranoid and prepared to put the survival of humanity in jeopardy simply in order to feel important and powerful as they strut, uncomprehending, on the world stage.




Is this sane? Has the human race lost its senses? A single United States thermonuclear warhead, designated W88, has an estimated ‘yield’ of 475 kilotons2.  The ‘yield’ is the destructive power expressed in tons of TNT equivalent.

The US, the UK, Russia, China and France are rebuilding or upgrading their arsenals of nuclear weapons. And rather than focus on the numbers and ‘yields’ of the weapons it was wisely decided to concentrate on the effects on humanity of the use of nuclear weapons. Getting rid of them will take courageous leadership by states but such leadership will have the support of civil society. Humanity owes a great debt to Norway for this initiative.


The International Campaign Against Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)8 is a coalition of over 350 organisations in 90 countries. They are the very antithesis of humanity5…’


The Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in Nayarit, Mexico, on 13 and 14 February 2014. But these 9 are outnumbered by 20 to one.


A single W88 could completely destroy London, Moscow or New York. The existence of nuclear weapons means they could be used by accident, by misunderstanding or by malicious intent. The other weapons of mass destruction have already been banned.

Their brief and nightmarish ascendancy is over. The world has moved on.

It is ironic that the worst offenders are the five permanent members of the ‘Security’ Council of the United Nations. Each bomb on a major city would kill millions of people; women, children, babies, old people, everyone. The nuclear states have become a sorry sight. As awareness of the humanitarian impact grows hearts and minds are being changed worldwide.

The situation is being rendered even more dangerous by the US and Russia who keep 1,800 weapons on high alert atop long-range ballistic missiles that are ready to launch 5 to 15 minutes after receiving an order!

And finally there is hope. Our belief is that this process should comprise a specific timeframe, the definition of the most appropriate fora, and a clear and substantive framework, making the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons the essence of disarmament efforts. We believe this is the path to achieve a world without nuclear weapons’. India and Pakistan sent observers.


The only remedy is an enforced world ban on the existence of nuclear weapons. The security of the non-nuclear states is threatened by the irresponsible and self-focused behaviour of the 9 others. The other four nuclear states(Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea) too are ‘improving’ their arsenals. The movement for an international ban is unstoppable.

Mexico offered to host a follow-up meeting to this conference and such is the vital importance of this approach that other states declared their intention to organise additional events on this subject.


She went on to explain that the use against cities of less than one percent of existing weapons would put billions of lives in jeopardy and have a long lasting detrimental  effect on both the planet’s climate and agriculture. The non-nuclear majority which do not feel the need for a lethal ‘security’ crutch have decided to take the initiative. It is the turn of the last and most destructive of them all.. And the fallout would have global consequences that would kill millions of people, disrupt climate patterns, and threaten global agricultural collapse4.

The risks of ‘accidental, mistaken, unauthorised or intentional use is growing significantly due to more countries holding weapons on higher levels of combat readiness’. The suffering would be indescribable and for many would go on for months and years before death. By focusing attention on the humanitarian consequences of their use they are well on their way to doing so.

 Furthermore decent people round the globe know that the existence of nuclear weapons is a brooding evil which undermines the moral integrity of humankind. It is not easy to face up to the implications of these arsenals especially if you bear the primary responsibility. Ray Acheson, in her closing statement on behalf of ICAN to the Second Conference included the words ‘The claim by some states that they continue to need these weapons to deter their adversaries has been exposed by the evidence presented at this conference and in Oslo as a reckless and unsanctionable gamble with our future’.

After hearing presentations from a wide range of experts on the various effects of nuclear weapon detonations the conference concluded that “it is unlikely that any state or international body could address the immediate humanitarian emergency caused by a nuclear weapon detonation in an adequate manner and provide sufficient assistance to those affected.” Conference members also agreed that the effects of a nuclear weapon detonation will not be constrained by national borders but will produce significant negative regional and global effects6.

This ground-breaking and historic conference was attended by delegates from 127 countries and 70 nongovernmental organizations. It is time to take action 7.’

 So with these and other major forces at work there is an unstoppable movement towards banning these Armageddon machines. It is time we ban nuclear weapons.

The first International Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons was held in 2013. The next logical development, as the nuclear states continue to deny their obligations to shed their arsenals, is for the non-nuclear states to proceed independently to enact a treaty outlawing these weapons internationally. What sort of people would do such a thing? What kind of human would threaten such an atrocity?  

The W88 is over 30 times more destructive than the bomb which wiped out Hiroshima. It included delegations representing 146 States, the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement and civil society organizations.

The Third Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons will be held in Austria later this year.

Citizens of the world have simultaneously become aware that the nuclear states do not intend to get rid of their nuclear weapons and that their existence imposes a permanent and intolerable threat to us all. These weapons must be outlawed; ‘in the past, weapons have been eliminated after they have been outlawed. This is being done at a time when many citizens are suffering from inadequate defences against flooding and when the social services are being radically cut back. 

The nine nuclear states have over 10,000 nuclear weapons in their stockpiles1. In a limited nuclear war between India and Pakistan 20 million people would die from the nuclear blasts, fires, and radioactive fallout. She insisted that we must act to get rid of them or they will be used by accident, misunderstanding or malicious intent. He called for a ‘legally binding instrument’ and declared that the, ‘time has come to initiate a diplomatic process conducive to this goal. As the great moral leader Desmond Tutu wrote “Nuclear weapons are an obscenity. Due to ‘…proliferation, the vulnerability of nuclear command and control networks to cyber-attacks and to human error and potential access to nuclear weapons by non-state actors, in particularly terrorist groups’ the risks are ‘growing globally’.

There are 9 nuclear states and there are 183 non-nuclear states. The nuclear states were invited but declined to attend. No emergency services could begin to cope There would be no relief. Is it possible to imagine the degree of paranoia represented by such a standing threat? The UK government has started to spend one hundred billion pounds on rebuilding its Trident fleet of nuclear submarines, each one with the capacity to incinerate over 40 million people. As we discuss the statistics and strategies of ‘nuclear arsenals’ and ‘nuclear deterrence’ it can be hard to keep in mind the reality underlying the abstract discussions

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Most Notorious Biker Gangs in the World

However, the story was blown out of proportion by the media, notably by Life magazine, which carried out a photograph of a wasted man sitting on a Harley Davidson motorcycle, while holding a beer in each hand. The Finks are accused of threatening businessmen and demanding extortion from them. The arrested members also took the man to his home to rob him of his property.

In 2009, three members of the Vagos MC were arrested on charges of gang-raping a woman in San Jose, California.


Chapters: 40+ in 5 countries

Membership: 600

Motto: We Give What We Get.

Although most of the outlaw motorcycle gangs around the world originated in America and then spread out, The Finks are one of the ‘indigenous’ outlaw motorcycle clubs. During the raids, the police seized drugs valued at $3 million in the international market.

In 2007, a full-time member of Hells Angels MC shot three people, including his girlfriend, in Melbourne. It is widely believed that Sons of Silence are allied with the Hells Angels, because of which, they are often engaged in turf wars with other outlaw motorcycle clubs.

Notorious Acts

In 1999, 37 members of the club were arrested in Denver on charges of drug trafficking and possessing illegal weapons.

In 2001, six members of the gang were arrested by the ATF on charges of drug trafficking and illegal arms possession.

Established: 1935

Chapters: 110

Membership: 1500 – 1800

Motto: God Forgives, Outlaws Don’t

Rock ‘n’ MurderIn 1969, a free rock concert was held at Altamont Speedway, California. While some appreciate the freedom and the adrenaline rush that one experiences on a motorcycle ride, others are of the opinion that bikers engage in rabble-rousing, and promote an alternate lifestyle, devious to the norms of the society. Like other 1%er motorcycle gangs, the club is involved in drug trafficking, extortion, money laundering, and prostitution.

Notorious Acts

A former international president of the Outlaws MC was given two life sentences in 1999 for committing three murders. According to estimates, currently, the club has more than 100 chapters worldwide, with an estimated 2000 to 3000 members. This photograph and the overall media reports created a perception among the people of America that motorcyclists were troublemakers and sociopaths. Although a lot of people believe that Oakland chapter of the Hells Angels is the club’s mother chapter, the official website denies the claim and states that after forming the club in Fontana, a lot of club members moved to Oakland. These bikers are affiliated to numerous clubs, and are collectively known as Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs (OMC). Chambers was a marine vet who had served in Vietnam. Before we go ahead and introduce you to some of the most dreaded biker gangs around the world, we would like to revisit history to understand their origin.

Biker Clubs: The Origin

After the end of World War II, a lot of war veterans returned home and tried to settle into their new civilian lives. The outlaws accepted the “1%” tag, and used it proudly with their club patches to associate themselves with everything that the society considered devious. These gangs have gained notoriety all around the world for their antics, but due to the constant media attention, they have also managed to achieve a cult status among some bike aficionados. However, the benign nature of motorcycling took a beating in the Hollister riot of 1947.

Hollister Riot

Hollister, an agricultural town in California, hosted an annual bike rally, sanctioned by the AMA. Majority of these biker clubs are law-abiding and are registered with the biggest motorcycling organization — American Motorcyclist Association (AMA). 53 of the arrested members were convicted for crimes, such as drug trafficking and murder conspiracy.

In 2008, a Mongol member surrendered himself after committing the murder of the president of the San Francisco chapter of the Hells Angels.

A former international president of the Mongols MC was arrested along with 37 other members (of the Mongols MC) for racketeering in 2008. It is believed that Bandidos MC has an association with Outlaws Motorcycle Club, and they help each other out in their criminal activities.

Notorious Acts

A drug war between Bandidos and Hells Angels that lasted from 1993 to 1997 resulted in the death of 11 members from both the clubs. As both the crowd and Hells Angels members were high on drugs and alcohol, altercations ensued, resulting in a Hells Angels member fatally stabbing a 18-year-old guy, who had reportedly drawn a gun.

Outlaws motorcycle club claims to be the oldest motorcycle club in the world. Hells Angels, one of the most notorious biker gangs in the world, was managing the security of the event, for which they were paid $500 worth of beer. They were also charged with offenses of drug trafficking, extortion, and possession of illegal weapons.

The Hells Angels is arguably the most well-known motorcycle club in the world. The Outlaws have been engaged in a turf war with Hells Angels. Most of the members of the gang are of Hispanic origin. Live Mongol, Die Mongol!

Bandidos MC was founded by Donald Eugene Chambers in San Leon, Texas. The former president was sentenced to seven years in prison after he pleaded guilty to the charges. They were charged with offenses, such as drug trafficking, insurance frauds, and murder for hire.

A Highwaymen member was arrested in 2008 for charges related to drug trafficking. The club was founded in McCook, Illinois. Most of the motorcycle clubs are located, or have originated in the United States of America. The police arrested several of these drunk bikers for misdemeanor, but even the police noted that these men had done more harm to themselves than they did to the town. The gang is predominantly present in the eastern part of the US, although they have several international chapters. They had been living their lives on the sidelines, but now they saw an opportunity of hogging the public limelight by becoming a biker.

Established: 1954

Chapters: 10

Membership: 100 – 150

Motto: Highwaymen forever, forever Highwaymen

Pagan’s MC (or The Pagans) was formed by Lou Dobkins in the year 1959. These clubs were known for their nomadic and rebellious lifestyle, but there was rarely any news of their engagement in any form of illegal activity. As they had been at war for such a long time, the chores of daily life seemed monotonous to them. One person died, and the other two were seriously injured in the incident. After the bikers got high on alcohol, they stormed right into the city, doing wheelies, riding through restaurants, and littering the streets with broken beer bottles. The club has been the subject of numerous investigations by the law enforcement agencies, including the FBI. They were in search of the same level of camaraderie and togetherness, which war soldiers have for each other. Today, law enforcement agencies in every country consider these outlaw gangs to be actively involved in numerous illegal activities.. Four Detroit police officers were also arrested along with him on charges of corruption.

Established: 1967

Chapters: 40+

Membership: NA


Established: 1948

Chapters: Around 230 in 27 countries

Membership: 2000 – 3000


Established: 1966

Chapters: 20+

Membership: 250 – 300

Motto: donec mors non separat (until death separates us)

Vagos MC is one of the most notorious outlaw motorcycle clubs of America. It was later found that the killers were full members of Bandidos, and they had massacred the eight people as a part of an internal cleansing of the organization.

The President of the Sweden chapter of Bandidos MC was handed down a nine-year jail sentence in 2009, after he was found guilty of an attempt to murder of people, who had testified against him. The member was sentenced to death, but was later killed in a fight with another death-row inmate inside the prison.

In 2007, a member of Bucks County chapter of Warlocks was sentenced to five years in prison after being arrested for possession of drugs.

In 2008, the State Attorney General of Pennsylvania alleged that Warlocks was involved in manufacturing methamphetamine worth $9 million.

Highwaymen motorcycle club was formed in Detroit in 1954. While looking for a substitute to fill their lives, motorcycling emerged as one of the brightest options, and soon, numerous war vets were on the streets with their cruiser bikes and choppers. The man had allegedly killed a Hells Angels member in 2009, and the law enforcement agencies had come with a search warrant to arrest him.

In 2012, a raid on the Indiana chapter of the Outlaws MC led to the arrest of 42 members of the club. These clubs are in a state of constant war with each other, and many of their members have been arrested over serious crimes, such as drug trafficking, extortion, prostitution, and murder. It is believed that the feud between Outlaws and Hells Angels dates back to 1946, when Outlaws’ request for a Hells Angels charter was turned down by the latter. The club is active in Alabama, Tennessee, Indiana, and Kentucky. The club was formed in the spirit of motorcycling and adventure, but over a period of time, it engaged in criminal activities, like other 1%er biker gangs. The club was formed in Adelaide, Australia in 1969. Law enforcement agencies have found Bandidos to be involved in numerous criminal activities. Below the motorcycle lay innumerable empty beer bottles. The negative publicity surrounding the motorcyclists and the misconception about them, appealed to criminal-minded individuals. The club has been accused of numerous serious crimes, such as drug trafficking, extortion, and prostitution.

Notorious Acts

In 2006, a series of raids in Ontario, Canada led to the arrest of 15 Hells Angels members. Highwaymen MC was once a member of the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA), but in the early 1960s, it strayed away from the mainstream to become a 1%er biker gang.

Notorious Acts

In 2007, a major raid conducted by the FBI in Detroit led to the arrest of 40 members of the Highwaymen club. The Wild One (1953) starring Marlon Brando, which was based on the Hollister riot, further polarized the public opinion against the bikers. It is widely believed that Hells Angels’ “only whites can join” policy was the reason behind the formation of the Mongols MC; however, some observers are of the view that these stories are apocryphal, and that Mongols has had white members in the past. According to the official website of Hells Angels, the club was formed on March 17, 1948 in Fontana/San Bernardino area of California, US. The club is also known by the aliases — Mongol Nation and Mongol Brotherhood. They are known for their intense rivalry with the Hells Angels MC.

Notorious Acts

In 2005, The Pagans allegedly killed the vice president of the Philadelphia chapter of the Hells Angels on the Schuylkill Expressway.

In 2007, a member of the club was arrested in Maryland by a team of more than 60 officers from different law enforcement departments on charges of possessing illegal arms. He had killed two members of his own club and one from a rival gang.

In 2010, a member of the Outlaws MC was killed when he reportedly opened fire on a SWAT team from the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF). Four other Bandidos members were also convicted, but received shorter sentences for their involvement in the crime.

The Most Infamous Motorcycle Clubs

Established: 1966

Chapters: Around 200 in 16 countries

Membership: 2000 – 2500

Motto: We are the people our parents warned us about.

The Mongols MC was formed in Montebello, California in 1969. Investigation revealed that six of the eight dead bodies were of Bandidos club members. They are allegedly involved in numerous criminal activities, and the law enforcement agencies view it as a violent organization. Grub, as he is called by his fellow club mates, is an ex-naval serviceman and has served on the USS Shangri-La aircraft carrier. Mongols have been involved in various crimes ranging from drug trafficking, extortion, attempted murder, etc.

Notorious Acts

In 1998, William Queen, a law enforcement agent gained entry into Mongols, and over the course of three years, he collected sufficient evidence, which resulted in the arrest of 54 club members. They wanted to experience the thrill and excitement, which had become a part of their lives during the period of war. The club’s tryst with infamy started pretty early when Chambers was convicted for a murder in El Paso. After originating in Prince George’s County, Maryland, the club soon expanded to various states of the US. This led to the creation of numerous biking clubs, with members donning similar outfits to show loyalty to their respective clubs. Interestingly, he had earlier written a book, which was published by the well-known publishing house HarperCollins.

Sons of Silence are a 1%er motorcycle club, active in US since its formation in Colorado, in 1966. The sheer number of motorcyclists made it seem as if the whole town of Hollister was ‘overtaken’. The way they looked at it, civilian life was staid and unexciting.


Chapters: 50+ in 14 countries

Membership: 500 – 600

Motto: WHEN WE DO RIGHT NOBODY REMEMBERS, WHEN WE DO WRONG NOBODY FORGETS… The four-year period also saw 74 attempt-to-murder incidents.

In 2006, four vehicles with eight dead bodies were found in Shedden, Canada. It has a total membership of 300,000 and is actively involved in promoting motorcycling in the US.

There is a minuscule percentage of bikers, who don’t conform to the rules and regulations of AMA and have their own code of conduct. The police recovered 13 long rifles, seven handguns, and two explosive devices from the member.

In 2010, nineteen members were arrested in New York for allegedly conspiring to murder Hells Angels club members. It was formed in San Bernardino, California in the year 1965. This policy of extortion is known as Finks’ fines.

Notorious Acts

According to a report submitted by the South Australian Police Commissioner, between 1967 and 2008, Finks members were found guilty of 167 offenses.

In 2012, a Finks member was arrested for attempting to kill a Bandidos motorcycle member. He was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment.

The sergeant at arms of the San Diego chapter of Hells Angels was sentenced to serve 21 years and 10 months in prison for drug trafficking charges in 2012.

Established: 1969

Chapters: NA

Membership: NA

Motto: Attitude Violence

Warlocks MC was formed by Tom Freeland in Florida in the year 1967. During its inception, it was made up of war veterans who were earlier associated with the club, Pissed Off Bastards of Bloomington (one of the clubs present at the Hollister riot). A motorcycle club found in 1967 in Pennsylvania, also goes by the name ‘Warlocks’, and both these gangs are known to be allies.

Notorious Acts

In 1995, a member of the Warlocks Pennsylvania shot dead a sergeant after being pulled over at a traffic stop. The club was initially known as “Psychos”, but conflict among the Hispanic members of the club resulted in the creation of Vagos. The rally had become a spectacle and a source of revenue for many locals. The club has been on the radar of ATF, because of its alleged involvement in several illegal activities.

Notorious Acts

In 2007, six members of the club were arrested after they beat up a fellow member who expressed his desire to leave the club. The charges that were leveled against the arrested members included money laundering and illegal gambling.

Established: 1959

Chapters: 40+

Membership: 350 – 400

Motto: NA

Motorcyclists around the world are met with awe and skepticism. The Finks expanded to Perth, when Troy Mercanti was expelled from Coffin Cheaters — another Perth-based motorcycle gang. He was also charged with causing injuries to a bystander and possessing arms illegally.

The 1%er Tag

Heckled by the media over the issue of motorcyclists engaging in hooliganism and criminal activities, AMA allegedly said that 99% of the bikers were law-abiding citizens, and it was the remaining 1%, which was bringing a bad name to motorcycling. It was initially known as McCook Outlaws Motorcycle Club. Currently, the club has chapters in 12 countries outside the US, and its membership is estimated to be anywhere between 2000 and 2500. Although members of the club affirm that their club exists to promote motorcycling, many observers believe that Bandidos was created because Chambers wanted to have a hold over the drug trafficking and prostitution business in Texas. These 1%er clubs spread to numerous states in America and around the world. Due to the increase in the number of motorcycle clubs after the World War II, Hollister witnessed the arrival of a large number of motorcyclists, which it could not accommodate. The activities of the club were restricted by the government in South Australia

Burnley fan’s DIY tour aims to tackle big four | Reuters

“(English team’s pre-season tours) tend to be very quick trips by like Liverpool, who were here one day and were a bit prima donnaish (they) kind of went and left where as these guys have mingled and talked to people. I think the team have done very well.”

“It is a small country but such a big market for football and we would like to get more claret and blue supporters in this part of the world,” a sharply-dressed Banaszkiewicz told Reuters.

So as the Premier League’s top clubs looked at North America, Australia, Africa or Asia for their usually lavish pre-season tours, Banaszkiewicz started organising a visit to south east Asia.

(Writing by Patrick Johnston in Singapore, Editing by Justin Palmer)

“I said (to the hairdresser) I am going to watch Burnley and they were like ‘oh yes 5-0 (referring to the midweek win over Home United) they are playing Singapore’ so slowly the message is coming across.”

“It has been a bit of an experience to be honest because we have never done anything like that before, it is normally done by agents so we have pretty much done a DIY job ourselves.”

The photo prompted Burnley to invite Banaszkiewicz to come to watch the 2-1 home defeat by eventual Premier League winners Chelsea at the end of January.

“We were hoping to play in Indonesia as well and Thailand because it was meant to be a bit of a bonding session for the players but we weren’t able to do that in the end because it was deemed a security risk so they decided to (just) come here.”

And Banaszkiewicz believes the key to building support in the region is for the club to show that modest side, which they demonstrated by attending coaching camps and meeting the locals.

“I always felt there were only three or four clubs that dominate south east Asia and this team (Burnley) has a rich tradition and has beaten some of those big clubs last season. Bars on a Saturday night are normally lined with fans in the red of Manchester United, Liverpool and Arsenal and the blue of Chelsea, eager to catch every minute of their matches.

But with Burnley’s surprise 1-0 win over Manchester United in last season’s Premier League and this trip to Singapore, the Burnley-born Banaszkiewicz said he had already noticed an increase in interest in the two-times English champions.

“We have all the world clocks because we deal with commodities and trading and we put a clock where our offices are, so Shanghai, Singapore, Dubai and I put one with Burnley on the wall,” a chuckling Banaszkiewicz said.

“At that time they were discussing their shirt sponsorship with Fun88, which is a Singapore based company, and I said they are absolutely mad about soccer out there (Singapore) so what about organising a tour?” Banaszkiewicz said.. This isn’t going to be a one-off.”

SINGAPORE Businessman John Banaszkiewicz was so fed up of the Premier League’s top four teams claiming all the support in south east Asia that he decided to sponsor his beloved Burnley a trip to Singapore to boost their appeal.

The story of how Burnley made it to the tiny south east Asian city state is an unlikely one which started with the clocks in the London office of Banaszkiewicz’s company earlier this year and demonstrated a warmth that the club should market.

But hundreds of the few thousand in attendance on a muggy Saturday night at the Jalan Besar Stadium came in Manchester United shirts, demonstrating the challenge ahead for Burnley and Banaszkiewicz.

The co-founder of Freight Investor Services LTD, who travels to Singapore bi-monthly for business, watched proudly as his English Championship (second division) club rounded off a successful tour with a 1-0 win over a Singapore select side.


With the prank providing some office laughs John B, as he is more commonly known in Burnley circles, decided to send a photo of the clocks to his then Premier League side.

Singaporeans are obsessed with the Premier League, and the top four especially

Gambling Blamed In Bank Rob Case

He says Hogan had been playing over the Internet for months to blow off steam, and that the hobby quickly became an addiction.

He was picked up at his frat house later Friday and charged with robbery.

“You have to think of how much he had going for him, class president, studying at Lehigh,” said Steve A. Gregory J. Hogan, is the pastor of First Baptist Church of Barberton in Barberton, Ohio, and has served as a city councilman in Seven Hills, Ohio.

The sophomore class president at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania — accused of robbing a bank — may have been trying to feed an intense gambling habit.

His lawyer says 19-year-old Greg Hogan had lost about $5,000 playing online poker. A preliminary hearing is scheduled for Jan. Authorities say he handed a note to a teller at a Wachovia Bank branch in Allentown, Pennsylvania on Friday, saying he had a gun and wanted money. “You have to question his reasoning, obviously. Hogan is the son of a Baptist minister.

When a student is charged with a crime, the university’s Office of Student Conduct, a disciplinary committee of teachers, staff and students, decides what action to take regarding the student’s status at the school, said Dina Silver, a school spokeswoman. 12, 2005, was allegedly robbed Friday Dec. 31.

“I believe once all the facts are reviewed and uncovered, the conclusion will be reached that he (Wallen) had in fact nothing to do with the crimes with which the other individual is charged,” Longenbach said.

One of his frat brothers, Patrick Thornton, described Hogan as “very energetic,” the sort of student who would cheer on the college football team wearing body paint.. The big question is why.”

“I didn’t believe it when I first heard it,” Kathryn Susman, an 18-year-old engineering student from Hereford, Maryland, said Monday.

His lawyer says Hogan is “one of the nicest kids” he’s ever met. He says, “His gambling addiction led him to make a terrible, terrible mistake.”

A Wachovia Bank branch in Allentown, Pa. He was released Saturday after posting $100,000 bond, a prison spokesman said. seen Monday Dec. Juisti, 19, a sophomore civil engineering student from Upper Darby. 9, 2005, by Lehigh University sophomore class president Greg Hogan.


The university’s student Senate president, Kip Wallen, drove Hogan to the bank, but had no idea that Hogan allegedly intended to rob it, said Wallen’s lawyer, Karl Longenbach. His father, the Rev. Wallen has not been charged.

Police told The Morning Call of Allentown that Hogan admitted robbing the bank. They say he got away with $2,871.

“It’s by far the most interesting story we’ve ever encountered here,” added Thornton, editor of The Brown and White, the student newspaper.

Hogan, the son of a Baptist minister, was picked up at his social fraternity house later that evening and charged with robbery, theft by unlawful taking and receiving stolen property.

© 2005 The Associated Press. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Sanctions can range from a warning to expulsion.

Hogan is also a cellist in the university’s orchestra.

As Lehigh University students prepared for final exams this week, they found themselves grappling with the news that the sophomore class president had been arrested for allegedly robbing a bank.

Hogan graduated in 2004 from the University School, an upscale private school in suburban Cleveland. All Rights Reserved

AT&T Debuts Exclusive Xperia(TM) TL, Sony’s Best in Mobile Camera Technology, HD Viewing and NFC Connectivity.

playing games. 2)

Operational times are affected by network preferences, type of SIM card,

connected accessories and various activities e.g.

Sony Entertainment Network services are subject to availability by

region, please see for more details.

* More than 25 editing options

DALLAS, Oct. ATT, the ATT logo and

all other marks contained herein are trademarks of ATT Intellectual

Property and/or ATT affiliated companies. Compatible device and data plan required. LTE is a trademark of ETSI. LTE is a trademark of

ETSI. Learn more at 1, 2012 /PRNewswire/ — ATT* today announced plans

to offer Xperia TL, the latest Sony smartphone bringing Sony’s best

HD experiences, easy connectivity with ‘One-touch’ sharing

enabled by NFC (Near Field Communications) and award-winning** arc

design. Limited 4G LTE availability

in select markets. Xperia is the trademark or

registered trademark of Sony Mobile Communications AB. Album will be especially appealing to photo takers with

features such as:

* Available in Black

Limited 4G LTE availability in select markets. The viewing experience on Xperia TL is

accentuated by a stylish, slim form factor that emphasizes the display.

For those looking to take their content from their smartphone screen to

the TV screen, Xperia TL connects through MHL or wirelessly through


About ATT

To make enjoying content across devices even easier, Xperia TL

supports ‘One-touch’ connectivity through NFC. Plus, both the rear and

front-facing cameras deliver HD recording capabilities for vivid video

capture on the go.

Xperia TL gives you the ultimate in HD with a superb 4.6-inch HD

display (1080 x 720), powered by the Mobile BRAVIA Engine for razor

sharp clarity and brilliance. To

get started with experiencing NFC, Xperia TL comes with one Xperia

SmartTag in box. All other

trademarks or registered trademarks are property of their respective


* Improved layout of photo and video folders, both in device and


* 4.6″ HD Reality Display powered by the Mobile BRAVIA


* MHL connectivity for viewing content on a big screen without the

need for a charger

* Latest generation 1.5GHz dual core processor for improved battery

efficiency and fast graphics performance

* Android version 4.0.4 (Ice Cream Sandwich). 4G speeds delivered

by LTE, or HSPA+ with enhanced backhaul, where available. Kit

contents and colour options may differ from market to market. All other marks

contained herein are the property of their respective owners.

** Xperia arc S and Xperia arc are winners of the EISA (European

Imaging and Sound Association) award for European Camera Phone

2011-2012. All rights reserved. 3) Actual

size of screen is approximately 4.55″. All rights reserved.

***4G speeds not available everywhere. Deployment


Xperia TL Will be Featured in the Upcoming James Bond Cinema Release


Photo enthusiasts will delight in the impressive images taken with

Xperia TL’s 13-megapixel primary camera that brings even the

smallest of details to life. Camera capabilities are

accurate as the date of this release.

* Easy connectivity with ‘One-touch’ function enabled by


Key Specs for Xperia TL:

Additional information about ATT Inc. Mobile

broadband not available in all areas. under the ATT brand

and not by ATT Inc. Learn more at This high resolution camera captures

quality images swiftly with its quick launch feature, going from standby

mode (sleep) to first shot in just 1.5 seconds,[sup.1] making sure

life’s unexpected moments are not missed. Or follow our news on Twitter at


* 13MP quick launch-fast capture camera that goes from sleep to snap

in just over a second

COPYRIGHT 2012 PR Newswire Association LLC

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

*ATT products and services are provided or offered by

subsidiaries and affiliates of ATT Inc. Legal

(c) 2012 ATT Intellectual Property. ATT has two 4G networks

that work together for customers, LTE and HSPA+ with enhanced backhaul.

That means ATT customers are able to enjoy a widespread, ultra-fast

and consistent 4G experience on their compatible device as they move in

and out of LTE areas. The full

range of accessories may not be available in every market. Xperia arc is also the winner of the prestigious red dot

Product Design Award 2011. This 4G LTE smartphone takes connected entertainment to the next

level with new Sony media applications.

* Full 1080p HD video recording and a 720p HD front camera for the

highest quality content


. This ATT news release and other

announcements are available at and as part

of an RSS feed at . Using near field communication technology, SmartTags

let you store device preferences for a variety of locations and

situations – like opening and controlling volume on the music player if

you head out for a run, turning on GPS and Bluetooth in the car or

turning on your alarm and silencing your ringer at night.

Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning. Now, you can

conveniently and instantaneously enjoy your music and photos across an

array of NFC enabled devices by simply touching one to another to

establish a wireless connection without a cumbersome pairing process. and the products and

services provided by ATT subsidiaries and affiliates is available

at . Android (TM) is a trademark of Google Inc. With other carriers, when you travel outside of

their LTE coverage area, you may be on a much slower 3G network.

* Geo-mapping in satellite and traditional map views

Sony “make.believe” and Bravia are trademarks or

registered trademarks of Sony Corporation. Upgradable to Android

version 4.1 (Jelly Bean) following launch.

1) Facts and features may vary depending on local variant. “PlayStation is a

registered trademark or a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.

Xperia is a trademark or registered trademark of Sony Mobile

Communications AB.

ATT customers have access to the nation’s largest 4G

network***, covering 275 million people. Sony is the trademark or

registered trademark of Sony Corporation. Xperia arc was announced at CES in January

2011 followed up by the announcement of Xperia arc S announced at IFA


Xperia TL includes three preloaded Sony media applications, Walkman,

Movies, and Album, introducing a consistent user interface across Sony


What are the main UK political parties views on Gambling?

In my research i’m finding very little, it seems as though the parties are almost keeping quiet on the topic because on one side it generates income, but on the other side it’s perceived as a bad thing because of its addictive traits.

I’m finding it very difficult to find an overwhelming view held by each party, other than I would imagine the Green Party would want to close down on it as much as possible.

Thanks in advance.

What are the main UK political parties views on Gambling?


If anyone could give me a general view held by the main UK parties I would be very grateful as i’m struggling to even start my research

Liverpool Legend Robbie Fowler Signs on as Official Ambassador to

We believe that his appointment would resonate well with our customers and we are delighted to be associated with an iconic footballer such as Robbie.”

Isle of Man, United Kingdom, August 06, 2014 –(– Fun88 is pleased to announce the signing of well renowned former football professional, Robbie Fowler, as their official ambassador for coming 2014/2015 football season.

In an illustrious career spanning 19 years, Fowler has played for numerous clubs, domestically and abroad, such as Leeds United, Manchester City, North Queensland Fury, Perth Glory and Muangthong United.

The 2000-01 season was perhaps the most successful in the striker’s career where he played a key part in Liverpool Football Club’s cup treble winning season.

Fowler is probably best remembered during his time at Liverpool Football Club. He earned the nickname “God” from the Anfield faithful and rightly became a legend of the club, where he has scored 183 goals and won numerous accolades and trophies.

Fowler played his first game for England in March 1996 and went on to earn a total of 26 caps, scoring seven goals.

Fowler is the sixth highest goal-scorer in the history of the English Premier League and holds the record for the fastest ever hat-trick in the Premier League, in a time of four minutes and 33 seconds. He has also been voted the PFA Young Player of the Year for two consecutive years in 1995 and 1996.. He is a true footballing legend who is widely admired and recognized in Asia. “The decision to appoint Robbie was a no-brainer. “We are truly excited to have signed Robbie as Fun88 ambassador for the upcoming season,” said Nathan Walker, Fun88 Spokesperson

Las Vegas casinos reinventing the strip to attract new generation

Slot machines are being re-branded with popular TV and movie titles and what was once video poker now looks more like a video game. He doesn’t care if a customer comes for a weekend of gambling or if they’re doing other things, as long as they’re spending money.

When Murren began his career in Vegas, he never thought he’d be so focused on outdoor dining and parks. .

The city is on pace to welcome a record 40 million visitors this year. “You wanted to suck people in and keep them in and that is the opposite of what we’re doing now.”

Brian Jones

At the other end of the Strip, Caesars spent half a billion dollars building “Linq,” an outdoor space home to the tallest observation wheel in the world. They’ve also turned the fronts of their casinos into pedestrian friendly hangouts.

In the 1990s, 58 percent of a Las Vegas resorts’ revenue came from gambling. 4, 2014.

“The game is entertaining in and of itself,” he said.

One part that isn’t much of a focus for millennials, according to Chang, is slot machines.

“Slot machines are really, really, really great entertainment experiences for a different demographic,” he said. “They may or may not gamble at all.”

For now, Vegas is betting the house that this younger generation will continue to flock to Sin City.

© 2015 CBS Interactive Inc. “Older people.”

“They went from Las Vegas being about going to see Frank Sinatra and then playing craps and you’re watching the show, to going to a nightclub, taking a selfie, putting it up on Twitter or Instagram, and you being the show,” University of Nevada Las Vegas director of the Center for Gaming Research David Schwartz said.

“They’re having fun,” Murren said. Even the famed fountains of Bellagio are now dancing to the beat of DJ Tiesto. So the industry is now trying to increase the odds that millennials will gamble. Their average age dropped, however, from 50 in 2009 to 45.8 last year.


Las Vegas Strip at night from the Bellagio

David Chang, chief marketing officer for Gamblit, a gaming company focused on millennials, said young people are used to playing games for free on their phones so gambling is not the draw.

“The casino design of 20 years was all inward facing,” he explained. Unlike Atlantic City’s nearly abandoned boardwalk, Vegas is on a hot streak.

In other words, millennials will spend thousands of dollars on booze, but not on bets. Last year it was just 37 percent.

“These indoor-outdoor spaces are really the future of Las Vegas, so that’s what we’re accomplishing here,” MGM Resorts CEO Jim Murren said.

At this point, “a dollar is a dollar” Murren said.

This piece originally aired on Nov.

His company is working on the new projects between its “New York, New York” and “Monte Carlo” resorts. Now, Las Vegas is once again reinventing itself with a new generation in mind, and for them, gambling is not the primary draw to Sin City, reports CBS News correspondent Ben Tracy.


Las Vegas, Nevada construction site

One sprawling construction site on the Las Vegas strip isn’t for a casino at all; it’s for a new 20,000-seat concert arena and a multimillion park — a place to take a stroll when you’re no longer on a roll. “The gambling part of this is part of the entertainment, but not the main focus of the entertainment.”

In 1995 when the movie “Casino” hit theaters, keeping gamblers playing was the cardinal rule in Las Vegas, but that’s no longer the case. All Rights Reserved. New and smaller hotels catering to the young crowd are opening on the Strip, each one hoping their club scene is the hot new thing.

All of this is to keep Vegas relevant, especially with the millennial generation that’s more likely to be found dancing in state of the art nightclubs or singing at music festivals than playing the same old craps.

Gambling revenue on the Strip was down 12 percent in September — the second straight monthly drop. It’s called the High Roller